While many may think of Mumps, Measles, Tuberculosis and Scarlet Fever as historic diseases, there are still a number of cases around the world and, according to one study, that number is increasing.

According to a medical study published in Health, the four diseases are increasing in number across the world. Mumps, for example, was a common disease among children and young people in the past but was virtually wiped out after the vaccine was introduce.

However, it was never completely destroyed like Smallpox, and so a small number of cases continue to take place. The study states there were 322 reported cases of mumps in the U.S. in 2022 and according to the UK government, there were seven laboratory confirmed cases in the UK during the second quarter of 2022.

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The NHS says there is no cure for mumps, but it typically passes within one to two weeks and it is best avoided by taking the MMR vaccine. It usually does not cause serious complications but in rare cases it can lead to meningitis.

These are the symptoms for mumps:

Measles is treated by the same MMR vaccine and was also once widespread. Health reports the disease was eradicated from the USA by 2000 but has since made a comeback with 121 cases in 2022.

In the UK, the UK Health Security Agency has warned of dropping vaccination rates as MMR vaccine coverage is at its lowest level in a decade with 10% of children not covered by the time they go to school. They recommended aiming to achieve 95% uptake to reduce the risk.

Measles symptoms are:

Tuberculosis (TB) is the second leading infectious cause of death in the world with 1.6 million dying from the disease in 2021. It can be treated with antibiotics and in 2014 the World Health Organisation (WHO) launched a programme to eliminate TB by 2035.

The government reports that in 2021, TB in England sat at 7.8 cases per 100,000 and has declined since 2011. However, this rate of decline has slowed more recently and is higher in large urban areas.

Tuberculosis has the following symptoms:

Scarlet Fever is also said to be on the rise globally. Health says that France, Ireland, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK all saw rises in the cases of Scarlet Fever for children under the age of 10.

The disease can be treated with antibiotics, but with the rise of antibiotic resistant bacteria, this is becoming more difficult.

Here are the symptoms for Scarlet Fever:

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